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Types Of Critical Thinking Skills 2023

Types Of Critical Thinking Skills


The mental process involved in analysing information is known as critical thinking. They assist us in decision-making, problem-solving, and critical thinking.

Types Of Critical Thinking Skills
Types Of Critical Thinking Skills

There are four different categories of “thinking skills”: analytical or convergent, divergent, critical, and creative. In order to comprehend the world around us, think critically, solve issues, make rational decisions, and form our own values and views, we employ these talents. Types Of Critical Thinking Skills

The Types Of Thinking Skills

The four categories of cognitive abilities are:

  1. Convergent analytical thought .

    Types Of Critical Thinking Skills
    Types Of Critical Thinking Skills

    Using our memories, the resources around us, or reasoning, convergent thinking is the act of coming up with the best response to a topic. Types Of Critical Thinking Skills

This type of thinking does not involve a lot of originality or lateral thinking. It is not the greatest for tackling issues that are complex or call for unconventional thinking. Instead, it employs simple cognitive processes. To arrive at the ‘right’ solution, a convergent thinker just has to use previously established processes and memory recall.

The use of convergent thinking in standardised and multiple-choice exams is fairly widespread. These examinations only evaluate our knowledge and our capacity to apply it to straightforward, logical circumstances. Types Of Critical Thinking Skills

2. Independent Thought

The complete opposite of convergent thinking is divergent thinking. It entails developing answers, strategies, or fresh concepts when there is no one right response.

It can not be easy to respond to questions such, “Should I study to become a doctor or a lawyer?” Both possibilities might make you happy and lead to a fulfilling life if you are skilled at both. So, which choice is best for you? Types Of Critical Thinking Skills

You need to dissect the options and examine each component in order to come up with answers to queries that lack obvious answers. To lay out your alternatives and weigh them one by one, you may make a pros and disadvantages list, a Venn diagram, or a table.From an early age, we frequently promote diverse thinking.

Types Of Critical Thinking Skills
Types Of Critical Thinking Skills

Divergent thinking is frequently encouraged beginning at a very young age. For instance, we encourage kids to play or just “be playful” so they may figure out difficulties and see how intricate and full of opportunity the world is. Types Of Critical Thinking Skills


3. Ability to Think Critically

Analysing something in order to make a judgement about it is a critical thinking ability.
The presumptions of a topic are not taken for granted by a critical thinker. Instead, critical thinking is utilising your intellectual resources to “criticise” what you are perceiving.

Deduction, induction, and abduction are three methods that critical thinkers might employ to generate critical insights about a subject. Types Of Critical Thinking Skills


Drawing inferences based on the information at hand requires the critical thinking abilities that are part of deduction. You have all the information you need to make a conclusive decision about a subject. For instance, a doctor will perform blood tests to see if a patient has a virus.

We may assume that you definitely have that virus because the blood tests yield positive results. If you want to solve difficulties, deduction is a terrific tool to utilise. Types Of Critical Thinking Skills

Drawing inferences based on a generalisation is a critical thinking ability that is included in induction. You don’t have access to all the relevant details right now. But you use critical thinking and see that there are patterns, hints, and a technique that might help you infer the solution. For instance, you visit the doctor while coughing, sneezing, and having a temperature. Despite without doing any tests, the doctor infers that you likely have influenza since your symptoms are typical of someone who has the virus.

Abduction involves using critical thinking abilities to get the conclusion that is the most reasonable or plausible given the little information you have. Although you can only guess at the solution, you can exercise critical thought. For instance, you could notice a cat perched on the roof. The most likely explanation is that the cat climbed a neighbouring tree and jumped from it to the roof, but you can’t be certain of that. Types Of Critical Thinking Skills

On our whole article, you can find more critical thinking examples.

4. Original Thought

Types Of Critical Thinking Skills
Types Of Critical Thinking Skills

To come up with fresh thoughts regarding a well-established subject, creative thinking requires thinking about a subject in unexpected, unconventional, and alternative ways. A creative thinker will attempt to approach a problem from a previously unexplored angle. Types Of Critical Thinking Skills

Although it can seem counterintuitive, creative thinking is a key factor in human development. Market gaps or brand-new, simpler, quicker, and better methods of doing things are the focus of creative thinking. A creative thinker’s brilliant new approach to a problem may end up becoming the new accepted wisdom. Types Of Critical Thinking Skills




Making decisions is a fundamental component of critical thinking. Being able to make an informed decision that will provide the best results is more important than simply being able to assess a situation.

Setting Goals: Before making a choice, give thought to what you hope to achieve.
Analyzing Alternatives: Prior to choose a course of action, weigh the advantages and disadvantages of each alternative. Types Of Critical Thinking Skills

Risk assessment is the process of estimating the potential dangers connected to each proposed solution in light of the available data.

Implementation: After a choice has been made, get to work on the necessary activities for implementation and monitor the outcomes for potential future improvement.

You’ll be in a better position to make decisions that benefit you and the other people engaged in the decision-making process if you adhere to these procedures.



It is among the most crucial categories of critical thinking abilities. When fixing a problem, one must consider all of its components and come up with a solution. This can entail developing new ideas, making choices, coming up with plans of action, and spotting patterns and trends.

It may assist you in developing workable answers to a variety of issues and is a skill that is essential in many facets of life. To solve problems successfully, bear in mind the following advice:

Divide the issue into more manageable pieces. It is simpler to work on and comprehend a subject when it has been divided into smaller components.
Look for links between the various parts. In order to get insights that could prove useful, look for any links between the many components or facets of the issue.

Don’t let the size of the problem overwhelm you; take things one step at a time and keep in mind that even minor successes can help you come closer to finding a solution.
Think outside the box while considering potential strategies or solutions; frequently, the ideal option is not immediately apparent.
Keep a record of what works and what doesn’t; this will give you insightful information for upcoming problem-solving efforts and feedback on how you are doing with the current challenge. Types Of Critical Thinking Skills

Why do employers value critical thinking?

Employers value individuals who can accurately assess a situation and come up with a logical solution, therefore critical thinking abilities are a great asset for an employee. For the majority of managers, time is a crucial resource, thus an employee who can make good decisions on their own will save a lot of time for both them and the entire organization. Types Of Critical Thinking Skills

How To Maintain Your Thinking When School Is Over

Types Of Critical Thinking Skills
Types Of Critical Thinking Skills

In order to retain and develop your critical thinking abilities, you must keep your mind engaged.

I stopped thinking mathematically after high school. I stopped using geometry, trigonometry, calculus, and other subjects in my daily life. Ten years later, I have very little mathematical critical thinking ability.
throughout contrast, I continued reading and writing throughout the ten years after my high school graduation. These creative and analytical thinking abilities are significantly stronger now than they were when I was in high school. That is because I kept using both my creative and critical thinking faculties on a daily basi

Some techniques for maintaining your brain’s neuronal networks and maintaining your capacity for critical thought are as follows:

  • daily Sudoku puzzle-solving
  • daily crossword solving
  • monthly reading of one book
  • frequent completion of mathematics quizzes
  • attending community college to take classes
  • using critical thinking-focused brain training software
    Types Of Critical Thinking Skills
Types Of Critical Thinking Skills
Types Of Critical Thinking Skills

How To Improve Your Critical Thinking Skills


You need to do more than merely keep your mind in check if you want to develop your critical thinking abilities.

You cannot simply carry on doing the same thing every day and expect to improve. A critical thinker is constantly trying to get better.

Instead, you need to consistently study and maintain forging new neural connections in your mind to train new portions of your brain. This underlines how crucial education is for developing critical thinking.

You should always be considering concepts that are novel to you and challenging to comprehend.

The lessons you learn must be challenging. You develop your critical thinking and problem-solving abilities by finding it challenging and uncomfortable to think. Like working out at the gym, there is no progress without suffering. Types Of Critical Thinking Skills


You may hone your critical thinking abilities by:

  • taking college classes in subjects you find extremely tough (or one of these options)
  • attending lessons at an online university
  • Learning with unfamiliar, unsettling learning methods
  • acquiring novel and varied pastimes

Your ability to think critically will improve as you think more. If you put fresh ideas to practise and test them out, you’ll improve your ability to think more quickly, creatively, and generally.

Tools To Help You Think Better

You may also use certain tools that we refer to as cognitive tools to improve your critical thinking abilities. These tools don’t think for you, but they do assist you in developing strong critical thinking skills.

Critical thinkers can benefit from the following tools:

  • assisting you to organise your ideas
  • giving you a guide or framework for coming up with fresh approaches to a subject
  • supplying you with stimuli that advance your thinking

You may improve your ability to think by using some tools, such as: Types Of Critical Thinking Skills

1. A Brainstorming Mind Map

Types Of Critical Thinking Skills
Types Of Critical Thinking Skills

A simple sheet of paper may be used to create a mind map for brainstorming. Simply put the topic at the top of the page, then scribble any important ideas you have down on the paper. There is no such thing as a terrible brainstorming concept. Later, you may use critical thinking to evaluate and discard some of your ideas, but throughout the brainstorming process, your mind can be stimulated and your critical thinking abilities can be used.

2. A Radar Chart

A brainstorming mind map and a radar (or spider) chart are extremely similar, except the latter additionally illustrates connections between ideas.

Write the topic you’re considering in the paper’s centre to start a spider chart.

A fresh thought should be written close to the centre of the work, with a line connecting it to the central theme. You can write them down and draw a line connecting them if you have more ideas or sub-ideas based on the first core concept. You should always draw a line between thoughts to indicate their connection if you have related concepts. Types Of Critical Thinking Skills

3. A Process Chart


A process diagram depicts the stages that lead from a question to its sensible resolution. In scientific and maths classes, you frequently have to present your process chart to the teacher to explain how you arrived at your findings. It’s possible that your instructor will instruct you to “show your critical thinking skills”! Types Of Critical Thinking Skills

4. A Spreadsheet

Your critical thinking might be aided by even a straightforward spreadsheet created using Excel or Google Sheets. You may organise your thoughts into an easy-to-read table to keep track of your processes, thoughts, and many categories. You can find new patterns in data by organising thoughts into columns and rows. Types Of Critical Thinking Skills

5. A Pros And Cons List

You may get your thoughts out of your mind and onto paper with the aid of a straightforward pros and drawbacks list. Once it’s written down, you may go over the list methodically and directly contrast the advantages and disadvantages. You could have a clearer notion of what conclusions to draw once you’ve done this.

6. De Bono’s Six Thinking Hats

Types Of Critical Thinking Skills
Types Of Critical Thinking Skills

Utilising De Bono’s Six Thinking Hats is another method for enhancing your thinking abilities. There are six figurative “hats” you can wear. Each hat stands for a distinct perspective on a subject. When you “put the hat on,” you must think as though you are the hat. These hats are excellent for fostering critical thought.

There are six hats:

  • Red Hat: Consider your thoughts, feelings, and intuitions on a subject.
  • White Hat: Consider the data you have at your disposal and what it can tell you about the subject.
  • Yellow Hat: Consider the advantages and worth of the circumstance you’re considering.
  • Black Hat: Consider the dangers, problems, and difficulties that a scenario you are considering could bring about.
  • Green Hat: Consider several solutions and original angles you can take on a subject.
  • Blue Hat: Consider the logical procedures you can use to handle the circumstance.

Valuable critical thinking examples

The decisions made by a company’s management and employees add up. Your performance and the likelihood that the organization will succeed will both be enhanced by using critical thinking in work-related situations. Types Of Critical Thinking Skills

1. Promoting a teamwork approach to problem-solving

Types Of Critical Thinking Skills
Types Of Critical Thinking Skills

Every department within a corporation is a team, and successful teamwork is crucial to the success of that department. When creating a plan, consider all the team members’ suggestions logically, provide helpful critique, and then share your own perspective.

2. Self-evaluating your contributions to company goals

Show critical thinking by analyzing your contribution and looking for ways to improve your performance if your firm is aiming to meet a goal. You may, for instance, make a list of all the ways you are making a contribution and how they affect the overall development. After that, you can consider giving some present activities more priority while also adding new ones.

3. Practicing self-reflection

You should be able to improve your information processing by examining the decisions you make and the thoughts you have while making them. This can entail reflecting on why you reacted the way you did in a given circumstance or assessing a choice to identify areas for development. Types Of Critical Thinking Skills

4. Making informed decisions

Types Of Critical Thinking Skills
Types Of Critical Thinking Skills

You may enhance your decision-making process by carefully weighing all the information at your disposal with practice. The temptation to make a snap decision and go on to something else can be strong, but in most cases using critical thinking can lead to a more satisfying conclusion. Consider making mental or written lists of advantages and disadvantages, and critically assess situations from the viewpoint of a different person.

5. Using your time wisely

Another illustration of critical thinking is choosing how to spend your time. You can find tasks and activities that could alter how you prioritize your responsibilities by regularly assessing how you spend your time. For instance, if you’re spending a lot of time on a task that has a low return, like administrative work or internal reporting, you might want to reorder your priorities so that you spend more time on projects with a high return. Types Of Critical Thinking Skills


To solve problems, make decisions, and think critically, one needs thinking abilities. They assist you in doing your work more effectively, making wise choices, and improving your personal life. Convergent, divergent, critical, and creative thinking are several ways to categorise your cognitive abilities. To aid in your thinking, you might also employ techniques like De Bono’s thinking hats, a list of advantages and disadvantages, or a flowchart.

To retain your ability to think critically throughout your life, be sure to keep your mind busy, try new things, and take quizzes.

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