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Steps of Critical Thinking 2023

Steps of Critical Thinking

What Is Critical Thinking?

Steps of Critical Thinking
Steps of Critical Thinking

The capacity to reason logically and systematically in order to grasp how concepts or facts are related to one another is known as critical thinking. It aids in guiding your choice of beliefs. In other words, it involves “thinking about thinking”—finding, examining, and then resolving problems with our thought processes.

How to Be a Critical Thinker?

It takes time, patience, and practise to become one. Applying the 7 steps of critical thinking to any issue you face, whether at work or in daily life, is something you can start doing right away to hone your critical thinking abilities.


Additionally, at each level, there are some critical thinking questions to aid you.

Top 8 critical thinking skills


Critical thinking is not something you can acquire in a class, like most soft skills. Instead, a variety of analytical and interpersonal talents make up this skill. Learning to accept open-mindedness and applying analytical thinking to your problem-framing approach is more about developing critical thinking than anything else.

The eight most crucial critical thinking competencies are, in no particular order:
Analytical thinking:

Critical thinking involves analyzing information from several sources in order to draw the most accurate conclusions. People that use analytical thinking are able to reject bias and work to obtain and absorb the most relevant data in order to reach the best conclusions.


Open-mindedness: This critical thinking ability aids in the analysis and processing of data so that an objective judgment can be reached.

Letting rid of your personal biases and drawing a conclusion based on all the evidence is a step in the critical thinking process.
Problem solving:

Steps of Critical Thinking
Steps of Critical Thinking

Critical thinking is a crucial component of issue solving since it emphasizes reaching the best decision possible based on all the information at hand. When applied appropriately, critical thinking assists you in resolving any issue, be it a challenge at work or a struggle in daily life.

Steps of Critical Thinking
Steps of Critical Thinking



Self-regulation is the capacity to control your thoughts and put aside any personal prejudices in order to reach the optimal decision. Being an effective critical thinker means challenging the data you have and the conclusions you support because only then can you reach the optimal option.


Observation: Critical thinkers look for things that go beyond what they initially see. You must accept other points of view in order to be a critical thinker, and you can use observational skills to spot potential issues.


Interpretation: Critical thinkers are aware that not all data are created equal. It’s crucial to assess which information is crucial and pertinent to your circumstance in addition to acquiring it. In this manner, you can get the most useful information out of your data.

Evaluation: There is rarely a clear solution when attempting to respond to a challenging topic. Despite the fact that critical thinking stresses putting your prejudices aside, you still need to be able to make a decision with confidence based on the information you have access to.


Communication: Once a decision has been taken, it is important to let other stakeholders know about it. Presenting facts and defending your conclusion are essential components of effective workplace communication, especially when there are numerous potential solutions. Steps of Critical Thinking

Steps of Critical Thinking

1. Define the issue or query.

Steps of Critical Thinking
Steps of Critical Thinking

Be as specific as you can; the easier it is to discover solutions or answers, the more specific the issue.

The problem you’re trying to solve must be identified before you can use your critical thinking skills to solve it. In this step, you’ll examine the issue from several angles and ask yourself questions like:

What is going on?

Why is this taking place?

What suppositions do I have?

How do I first think we can resolve this issue?

Learning how to draw fair judgments is a key component of honing your critical thinking abilities. You must first be aware of your current biases in order to change them. Does anyone on your team believe they have the solution? Are you assuming things that may not be true? You will benefit later in the process if you can identify these details. Steps of Critical Thinking

2. Compile facts, viewpoints, and arguments.

Look for multiple sites that offer various viewpoints and thoughts.

You probably have a rough understanding of the issue at this point, but you need to go more to find the best answer.

Gather data, statistics, information about previous projects, team input, and other facts on the issue during the research phase. Make sure you collect data from a range of sources, particularly if those sources disagree with your opinions about the nature of the issue or the best course of action to take.

Your capacity to use the critical thinking process depends on your ability to gather diverse knowledge. You won’t be able to make a sound judgment if you don’t have enough knowledge.
Keep in mind that the purpose of critical thinking is to guide you toward the most reasonable conclusion. Instead of acting intuitively, you conduct study to identify the optimal choice. Steps of Critical Thinking

3. Examine and analyse the information.

Steps of Critical Thinking
Steps of Critical Thinking

Are the sources trustworthy? Are the findings supported by evidence or merely arguments? Are the aforementioned hypothese supported by sufficient knowledge or data? Steps of Critical Thinking

Finding out how relevant various information sources are is equally as vital as gathering a range of information. After all, information does not automatically imply relevance.

After you’ve obtained all the data, sort through the noise to determine what data is important and what data isn’t. When using critical thinking, it is easier to weigh many data sources and reach the best conclusion when you have synthesized all of this information and determined its significance.

Consider the following questions to establish the relevancy of the data:

How trustworthy is this data?

How important is this knowledge?

Is this information still current? Is it focused on a certain industry?
Steps of Critical Thinking

4. List your presumptions.

Are you certain that the sources you found are objective? Are you certain that your search for solutions was unbiased?

Making a judgment without bias is one of the most beneficial aspects of the critical thinking process. You must pull back from the procedure and question your presumptions in order to accomplish this.

Everybody has bias, and that’s not always a bad thing. Unconscious biases, often referred to as cognitive biases, frequently act as mental short cuts to make decision-making and problem-solving easier. Even though biases aren’t necessarily harmful, you still need to be aware of them in order to set them aside when necessary.

Before making a decision, consider these questions.

Do I have any presumptions regarding this data?

Are there any other factors that I haven’t thought of?

Is the information analyzed from every angle?

Do you have any opinions?

Steps of Critical Thinking

5. Determine importance.

What information is the most crucial? Does the sample size meet the needs? Are all viewpoints and points of contention even pertinent to the issue you’re attempting to resolve?

You’re finally prepared to draw a conclusion. Connect the causes and consequences to determine the best remedy. Assess the most objective conclusion using the information you’ve acquired.

Remember that there can be multiple solutions. The issues you’re dealing with are frequently nuanced and sophisticated. Instead of providing a clear-cut answer, the critical thinking process enables you to comprehend the various factors involved in a situation so that you may make an informed choice.

Let’s revisit our coffee example and analyse each component closely. Steps of Critical Thinking


1. The issue at hand was “Is drinking coffee good for you?”


This strategy is far too inclusive.


What does “good” even imply, to begin with?


Second, it’s unclear if we’re discussing the long- or short-term impacts of coffee use. Additionally, it’s possible that consuming coffee will be good for certain areas of your health while being bad for others.

Let’s focus on the question “Is drinking coffee good for your heart?” as a result.

2. The effects of coffee consumption on the heart have only been the subject of two of the studies mentioned above.


According to the first, consuming coffee “could account for premature deaths in the region of 14% for coronary heart disease and 20% for stroke.”


The second one claims that “moderate coffee consumption was associated with a lower prevalence of Coronary Artery Disease.”


Two further significant errors in thinking have been made: first, using just two sources is insufficient.


Second, we haven’t considered that the heart is a very complicated organ; similarly to the rest of our bodies, some people may benefit from coffee. Steps of Critical Thinking

6. Decide or come to a conclusion.

Steps of Critical Thinking
Steps of Critical Thinking

Decide which (if any) of the potential conclusions are sufficiently supported by the evidence. Consider the benefits and drawbacks of each choice.


7. Communicate or be present.

Present your decision to all parties involved as soon as you have reached one.





The first one had no fresh research; it was solely based on a literature review.


The second study only included persons from Korea, whose hearts may be impacted by other variables like food or climate, while being done on a sizable sample of men and women (25.000).


4. Despite the two sources appearing to be impartial, we were.


Our first Google searches were based on two presumptions: “reasons not to drink coffee” (on the premise that coffee is unhealthy for us) and “reasons to drink coffee” (under the assumption that coffee is worthwhile).


We were guaranteed to find articles that supported our presumptions thanks to Google’s search engines.




5. Taking into account everything said above, we can say with certainty that the data we obtained was not crucial for resolving the original issue.

6. Based on the data we obtained, drinking coffee may or may not be healthy for our hearts, depending on several aspects and variables we neglected to account for. This is the only conclusion that can be drawn.


7. Even if the answer is that “the question cannot be answered at this point,” it is still important to discuss and communicate the issue.


It’s beneficial to be aware of the boundaries of our expertise in a certain field.


The key is—


It’s quite challenging to know something for sure. Steps of Critical Thinking


Furthermore, we must be able to recognise the weaknesses in our logic and the holes in our knowledge in order to capitalise on them. Steps of Critical Thinking

What Are Critical Thinking Skills and Why You Need Them?

Steps of Critical Thinking
Steps of Critical Thinking

Let’s do a small experiment before moving on to define critical thinking skills.


We’ll investigate if coffee use is beneficial to health.


Start by searching for “reasons not to drink coffee.”


Wow! Losing weight (source), having better teeth (source), feeling less anxious (source), and having a healthier heart (source)


Oh God! Never again will I touch a cup of coffee!

What about “reasons to drink coffee?” Steps of Critical Thinking


Lower rates of depression (source), improved cognition, increased lifespan, and, get ready, a healthier heart (source) are also mentioned.


So be it. I’ll never again have faith in the Internet.


The turn? These are not arbitrary, unfounded assertions from the internet. Each and every one of the aforementioned conclusions is supported by credible, peer-reviewed research.


How therefore do you reconcile these incongruous assertions?


through using critical thinking.


Okay,But that still leaves open the question of what critical thinking actually means. What does that even imply, after all? Starting off, let’s define critical thinking.

Example of critical thinking in the workplace

Consider a career in user experience (UX) design. Your team is concentrating on pricing, packaging, and making sure clients are aware of all the services your business provides. Here are seven steps for using critical thinking in the workplace:

Start by identifying the problem

The performance of your present pricing page falls short of your expectations. Customers have complained that your services are unclear and that the page doesn’t address their concerns. Due to the fact that people sign up for your service on this page, it is quite crucial for your business. Although you and your team have some thoughts about why your current page isn’t working well, you choose to use the critical thinking approach to make sure you choose the right course of action.

Gather information about how the problem started

Steps of Critical Thinking
Steps of Critical Thinking

Understanding how the issue first arose is a necessary component of problem identification. The pricing and packing page is crucial, therefore your team undoubtedly gave it a lot of care when they first built it. Before you look at ways to make the page better, consider these questions.

Why did you create the pricing page in that manner?

Which parties need to be consulted before making a decision?

Where on the page are users getting stuck?

Exist any functional functionalities right now? Steps of Critical Thinking

Then, you research

It’s critical to comprehend what works well in addition to the history of the pricing and packaging page. Examining the pricing pages of your competitors is a must of this investigation.

Think about it:

How are the pricing pages of our rivals set up?

Exist any recommended methods for price pages?

How do location, animation, and color affect navigation?

Are there any common page layouts that buyers anticipate seeing? Steps of Critical Thinking


Organize and analyze information

Organize and evaluate the data.
You’ve acquired all the data you require; the next step is to compile and evaluate it. What if any trends are you observing? Do you need to take into account any information that is particularly pertinent or crucial?


To lessen bias, ask open-ended questions.

Steps of Critical Thinking
Steps of Critical Thinking

It’s crucial to address bias in critical thinking and to do so as much as is practical. Think about it:

What suppositions do I have?

Do I need to do anything else?

Have I made contact with the appropriate parties?

Are there any further points of view I should think about?

Steps of Critical Thinking

Decide which approach will work best for your team.

You now have all the knowledge required to create the ideal pricing page. You could wish to create a few variations to offer to a select set of clients or do an A/B test on the live website, depending on how complex the design is.

Present the stakeholders with your solution.

Every aspect of your life can benefit from critical thinking, but in the job, you must also incorporate important project stakeholders. Stakeholders assist you in choosing your next course of action, such as whether to A/B test the page first. Depending on how complicated the problem is, you might want to organize a meeting or distribute a status update to get everyone on the same page.

Examine the outcomes

No procedure is finished without analyzing the outcomes. After the new page has been active for a while, assess whether it performed better than the old page. The solution? What failed? Additionally, it makes future key decisions that you make better. Steps of Critical Thinking

Critically successful

It takes time to develop critical thinking, but with perseverance and work, you may use an objective, analytical mind in any circumstance. One of the numerous soft talents that make you a successful team member, boss, and employee is critical thinking. Read our post on the 25 project management skills you must master if you want to improve your abilities.

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