Important Instructional Strategies Examples 2023 - educationtopstories

Important Instructional Strategies Examples 2023

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Instructional Strategies Examples


The foundation of a successful lesson is its instructional tactics. They are the methods and strategies that educators employ to assist pupils in overcoming learning challenges and achieving greater depths of comprehension and knowledge. Instructional Strategies Examples

In a lesson plan or unit of work, teachers are often obliged to list their teaching tactics. Before a class even starts, you may have a clear strategy for how you will support your students’ success by outlining your instructional tactics. Finding out about your capacity to facilitate learning is also helpful to the person evaluating your instruction.

Instructional Strategies Examples
Instructional Strategies Examples

The list of instructional techniques I use to plan lessons and work units is provided below.

Instructional Strategies Examples


1. Active Listening:


By encouraging students to nod when they understand, pose open-ended questions to the speaker, and other behaviours, teachers actively demonstrate active listening. Critical thinking and memory retention may benefit from this.

2. Anticipation / Guestimation –


In order to promote forward and process thinking, students are required to predict the results of the subsequent stages in a collaborative or simulated assignment. Students must take into account the logical flow of events in a thought experiment while predicting results.


3. Authentic learning:

Lessons are planned so that students complete or create something concrete, functional, and beneficial to society. For instance, students who complete a unit of work actually create an app that is published on an app store.

4. Barometer –


The instructor asks the class to line up along what is viewed as a continuum of views for a certain perspective. If the kids stand on the far left, they will believe one thing, the far left, another, and the centre, they will think something else.

5. Blended learning –


Throughout the whole unit of study, the teacher incorporates both online training and in-person classes. For instance, students may watch movies as assignment and then return to class to debate and participate in active


Instructional Strategies Examples
Instructional Strategies Examples

6. Brainstorming –

This technique promotes divergent thinking, which is defined as “multiple potential solutions to a single problem.” In an open discussion, the instructor invites all pupils to contribute their views, regardless of how straightforward, intricate, or unconventional they may seem. To provide a visual picture of the class’s first thoughts and ideas, the instructor writes all idas on the board. Instructional Strategies Examples

7. Chunking –


The teacher divides the course into manageable “chunks” rather than imparting all the knowledge at once. The instructor checks each ‘chunk’ after completion and then provides additional guidance. For students, this can help a daunting activity appear more manageable and minimise cognitive overload.

8. Cognitive Tools –


To encourage students’ higher-order thinking and learning, teachers employ instructional tools like calculators, applications, wearable devices, and more. The expectation is that students would participate in higher-order cognitive activities that they otherwise would not have been able to undertake.

9. Concentric Circles –

Students are urged to engage in brief one-on-one interactions with one another, much like speed dating. The instructor instructs the class to form two concentric rings with the inner and outer circles facing one another. If the teacher wants the pupils to switch up their discussion partners, the outer circle revolves.

10. Connect, Extend, Challenge:


This tactic is frequently used at the conclusion of a class to promote reflection and additional thought. Students consider how to relate new knowledge to prior knowledge, consider how they expanded their knowledge throughout the class, and then formulate thought-provoking questions for further research.

11. Cooperative Learning (Group Work) –


By include cooperative learning activities in your lesson plan, you can make sure that students hear not just the teacher’s opinions on the subject, but also those of their peers. Talking to peers promotes learning, according to sociocultural theory. Working towards shared objectives as part of cooperative learning also promotes social skills, which is good for the growth of your pupils.

12. Create a title —


Students come up with an intriguing title that sums up everything they have learnt (for a newspaper, for example). Students are encouraged to break down their knowledge into its fundamental parts using this technique. Instructional Strategies Examples

13. Culturally Responsive Teaching –

To engage and integrate students from different cultural backgrounds, culturally responsive teaching incorporates aspects of students’ cultural practises, beliefs, and traditions into classes.


14. De Bono’s Six Thinking Hats –

The teacher is wearing six hats of various colours. Each hat stands for a particular type of thinking (creative, analytical, etc.).

15. Debating –


Encourage students to argue one another so they may identify weaknesses in arguments and improve their ability to put cohesive arguments together.

16. Democratic Vote –

Students are taught to cultivate a democratic and socially conscious attitude in democratic classrooms. Voting on what, when, and how to learn (as well as classroom policies, etc.) empowers students and promotes socially conscious thinking.

17. Demonstration –


The teacher walks the class through a difficult task that they are unable to complete on their own. This is typically done either before students do something themselves or to demonstrate how something is done so that students may have a theoretical grasp. Instructional Strategies Examples

18. Devil’s Advocate –

Either the instructor or a committed student tries to dissect a claim or way of thinking by seeking for flaws.

They should utilise criticism as a tool to reinforce or improve the initial argument, even if they don’t necessarily agree with it.

19. Differentiation –


Teachers adapt their lesson plans to the requirements of their students. Differentiation in delivery method, content type, assessment method, and learning environment are all possible.

20. Direct Instruction (also known as Explicit Teaching) –


The instructor explains facts to the pupils in a direct and understandable manner. Although it is frequently criticised for having teacher-centered passive learning, in some circumstances it is necessary to provide fundamental information before active learning may take place. Instructional Strategies Examples


21. Focusing Attention –

Instructional Strategies Examples
Instructional Strategies Examples

Focusing attention may assist in directing kids in the appropriate direction. It can use tactics like provoking inquiries and directing attention to a visual assistance.

22. Discovery Learning –

Discovery learning entails classes in which pupils learn new facts and skills via inquiry and investigation.

23. Emergent Curriculum:


Teachers don’t always prepare out the entire curriculum in advance. Instead, the path of the learning experiences is determined by the motivations and interests of the students. The joy of learning and internal motivation are encouraged by this.

24. Environmental Manipulation:


The design of the classroom has a significant impact on learning. Desks arranged in rows suggest that the class keep its attention on the teacher, whereas table groupings would promote peer learning.

25. Expert Jigsaw –

Using the expert jigsaw approach, pupils are divided into groups, and each group becomes an authority on a certain area of a subject.

After then, the teacher rearranges the students so that one representative of each original group is in each new group. In other words, each topic in the new groupings has a topic specialist. Each new group is instructed on its subject by the group’s subject specialists.

26. Fill-In-the-Gaps (Cloze Passages) –


Intentionally omit material to get pupils to actively consider (and make predictions about) what should go where.

27. Fishbowl:

This method divides the class into two groups for a whole-group discussion. The initial group, which is often smaller, has a conversation in the centre of the room. The second group observes and makes notes on the conversation of the group while sitting outside. Instructional Strategies Examples

28. Five Why’s – 

Ask pupils “why” something is the case in order to persuade them to think more thoroughly about a subject. Once they reach the fifth “why,” the answer will be more in-depth and pertinent to the topic at hand. Then, get them to ask “why” to their response, followed by the response after that, and so on.

29. Flexible Seating –


Also known as “agile learning spaces,” flexible seating gives students the opportunity to select a workstation at which to complete their assignments. Because it enables students to roam between research spaces like computer and library facilities, it might be excellent for inquiry-based classes.

30. Flipped Instruction –

Flipped instruction is a method of instruction in which the students learn the material in advance (mostly through reading and watching videos), in order to maximise the amount of active, student-centered learning time available in the classroom (such as speaking in groups and interacting with the teacher). Its name comes from “flipping” assignments and homework.

31. Formative Assessment,

also known as Assessment for Learning, is distributing assessment assignments throughout the learning cycle. This can assist teachers in determining a student’s areas of strength and weakness as well as the effectiveness of the teaching methods used up to this point. Then, teachers can modify their instruction to help the student get back on track.

32. Four corners –


The teacher asks a question or offers a problem with four potential solutions, presented as a multiple-choice A-B-C-D. The pupils must sprint to the corner they believe has the right answer because each corner in the room indicates a potential solution.


33. Gallery Walk – 

The classroom is set up as a gallery where students can travel between several spaces and interact with a variety of different activities, readings, and stimuli to learn about a topic.


34. Game-Based Learning –

Game-based learning, or GBL, is the process of incorporating games into classroom education. For instance, you may encourage pupils to play dice games to learn about chance or scrabble to learn spelling.

35. Gamification –


The employment of game-based features in the classroom is referred to as gamification.


Token economy, a point system, levelling up, badges, and leaderboards are a few of these components.

36. Give One, Get One –

Give One, Get One: Each student records a few of the most important lessons learned, concepts, advice, or techniques from the class. The teacher divides the class into different pairs, and in each pair, one important learning is imparted, and one key learning is received. Students can communicate their most important learnings from lessons through this type of note-sharing.

37. Graphic organisers –


To help students visualise what they are learning, teachers employ visual organisers like flow charts, graphs, and tables.


38. Group responsibilities –


To promote responsibility and openness, the instructor invites students to assign responsibilities to one another when they are working in groups. This might facilitate learning.

39. Growth Mindsets –


In class, the instructor serves as an example of a growth mindset, which is an attitude that emphasises self-belief in one’s ability to learn and progress. This is a helpful educational technique when pupils have just failed and are discouraged.

40. Guided Practise –


This teaching technique entails leading students through a learning activity step by step while modelling each step for them.

41. High Expectations –

The tactic of having high expectations for pupils is letting them know that you anticipate them to put in their best effort. The teacher will be pleased if they make an effort, even if they don’t have to be the greatest.

42. Homework:


In flipped learning settings, homework can be used to teach new knowledge or as a tool for knowledge consolidation and long-term memory retention.

43. Hot Seat –


The class poses challenging questions to one student who is seated in front of the group. The individual in the centre might pretend to be a famous historical figure while responding to questions about a subject they researched.

44. The I Do We Do You Do process –


In this three-step process, the teacher models a task, the class performs the activity together (with the teacher), and finally the pupils get to try the work independently.

45. Inquiry-Based Learning:

Instructional Strategies Examples
Instructional Strategies Examples

In this method, students are asked to “inquire” about a challenging problem or subject. In order to identify questions and answers, students are required to go through the process of performing research, experimentation, and observation.

46. Intentional Mistakes –

The instructor makes a mistake on purpose to pique students’ interest in paying attention in class and to ‘catch’ the mistake as it is being made by the teacher.

47. Just-in-Time Learning


is a technique that entails learning facts that are essential to the activity at hand. In other words, you acquire knowledge when you require it. If you were a grownup, you would start learning accounting as soon as tax season started! Instructional Strategies Examples

48. KWL Charts –

Three-part charts are provided to the students. Know, Want to Know, and Learned are the parts. The first two columns are often filled out by students at the start of the course to demonstrate prior knowledge and interests. This can assist the instructor tailor the lesson at the correct level for the students and provide context for the lesson. Students fill out the third column, labelled “learned,” at the conclusion of the class. They should ideally be responding to queries posted in the “want to know” section.

49. Learning Goal Transparency –

The instructor outlines the lesson’s goal at the outset. This can reduce misunderstanding by assisting students in comprehending the lesson’s overall goal and its trajectory.

50. Record the lesson so that the students may revisit it at their own leisure. Students may study at their own pace and slower learners may benefit from this to make sure they don’t miss anything.

51. Manipulatives –


Teachers depict abstract ideas using real-world items to help pupils visualise what they are studying. Maths classes frequently feature this.

52. Metacognition –

Students are urged to examine their own knowledge and thinking to determine whether they can learn more effectively. You may question students to consider their distractions, how to avoid procrastination, or whether they could have learnt a task more efficiently if they had taken a different approach.

53. Modelled teaching


entails the teacher showing pupils how to complete a task so they have a “model” to follow when they have the opportunity to complete it independently. Instructional Strategies Examples

54. Multiple Intelligences –

According to the notion of multiple intelligences, pupils may learn in a variety of ways, including linguistically, spatially, musically, logically, mathematically, physically, and more. Giving pupils several approaches to a subject opens the door to learning from a variety of diverse viewpoints.

55. Creating a mystery –

The instructor drip-feeds facts or data that is sufficient to pique students’ interest and may include the solution. However, students must use critical and analytical thinking to’solve’ the mystery or curiosity.

56. Non-Verbal Gestures –


Teachers regularly utilise non-verbal gestures to regulate their classes, such as when they give talkative pupils in the room a warning gaze. However, they may also be utilised in the middle of a class to show a pupil they are on the right road, such as by giving them a thumbs up or a grin.


57. Note Taking (Cornell Method) –

The Cornell Method of Note Taking Give the students Cornell method notepaper and urge them to take thorough notes as they watch a video or listen to a direct instruction lecture. This entails having certain columns for summarising, recalling, and making notes.

58. Open-Ended Questioning –

Open-ended questions, as opposed to questions that can only be answered with a simple “yes” or “no,” are asked by the teacher. This enables pupils to express their ideas clearly. They organise their thoughts throughout this procedure.

59. Parent and Community Engagement – 

Engaging parents and the community is an effective technique because it allows children the chance to build civic citizenship skills while they are studying. Instructional Strategies Examples

60. Peer Assisted Learning (PAL) –


A more advanced student is matched with a less advanced student in peer-assisted learning (PAL), which involves pairing students. The more experienced student supports the less experienced student, which aids in information consolidation for both.

61. Play-based learning –


Teachers can design play situations where learning takes place, such as cooperative play, imaginative play, and roleplaying.

62. Pop Quiz –


The teacher informs the class that a surprise quiz will be given at some time throughout the unit of study. This keeps the kids on their toes and fosters consistently high expectations. The test can also be utilised.

63. Positive Reinforcement –

Positive reinforcement is the practise of rewarding students for good behaviour or for meeting high standards in the hope that this would encourage them to repeat their good behaviour . Instructional Strategies Examples

Instructional Strategies Examples
Instructional Strategies Examples


64. Poster Presentations –


Students are given a tiny poster and expected to display all of the information they have learnt about the subject on it. This encourages individuals to organise and convey their thoughts in a clear, concise manner while also assisting in their categorization and clarification.


65. Predicting –


After asking pupils to predict (guess, hypothesise), the teacher performs an experiment to determine the results. This inspires pupils to consider plausible causes, effects, and probabilities.

66. Prior Knowledge Assessment –

Prior Knowledge Assessment: The instructor evaluates the students’ prior knowledge before planning or giving a lesson to determine their level of understanding. This helps to make sure the content is appropriate for the students’ requirements. Instructional Strategies Examples

67. Project-based learning (PBL) –

Project-based learning (PBL) is a type of instruction where the goal is to complete a project. Students learn how to use their knowledge in the creation of a genuine project during the project-making process.

68. Prompting –


Prompting is the process of drawing pupils’ attention to important material by utilising questions, prompts, and visual aids. It assists pupils in overcoming obstacles to learning and keeps them on the correct track.

69. Read Aloud –

The teacher has the class listen to the material as it is being read. Because it enables you to have students perform a close reading of sentences, keywords, and images as a complete group, this might be useful as an educational method. Instructional Strategies Examples

70. Reciprocal Teaching – 

Reciprocal teaching requires pupils to alternate teaching one another. This brings us to number seventy. This allows students the opportunity to assume the position of the instructor, requiring them to consider how to explain topics and dissect them into their component elements. This benefits both the ‘teacher’ and ‘learner’ pupils. Instructional Strategies Examples


71. Reflection-in-Practice / Immediate Feedback –

Teachers advise their pupils to think about their work as they do it. For instance, after five minutes, ask students to pause and consider what they just done and if they are on the correct road.

72. Role Play –

Students role-play and present arguments from the standpoint of the character they are playing. This enables students to approach problems from several angles and develop expertise in particular facets of a situation. Instructional Strategies Examples


73. Role modelling –

The instructor establishes high standards by acting appropriately. This happens frequently in research laboratories when the teacher strictly adheres to safety regulations, or it happens frequently in behaviour management. Instructional Strategies Examples

74. Rote Learning –

Rote learning, which is when a teacher gives material that the pupil is expected to memorise, is 74. This method emphasises fact memory and is frequently used while learning the times tables, for instance. See also: educational banking model. Instructional Strategies Examples

75. Scaffolding –


This method entails the teacher determining the student’s current level, the level they can complete with assistance, and the level that is simply too difficult. The instructor then positions the learning activity in the ideal “Goldilocks” zone, where it is challenging but manageable.

76. Self-Paced Learning – 

Students are provided the time and space to learn at their own speed under item number 76, self-paced learning. This lessens the possibility of forcing pupils to move on before their information is properly established and their understanding is attained.


Instructional Strategies Examples
Instructional Strategies Examples

77. Service Learning –

Through a community-based initiative that serves the community (such as rehabilitating a natural environment or providing aid to the less fortunate), the instructor engages pupils in learning. The task’s execution should support curricular objectives. Instructional Strategies Examples

78. Silent Conversation –

For this activity, students must record their ideas on paper (post-it notes work) and then place the notes onto a wall or poster. To have a written “conversation,” students reply to one another’s notes. Instructional Strategies Examples

79. SIT: Surprising, Interesting, Troubling –

SIT: Surprising, Interesting, Troubling is a technique used by students to analyse texts. Students consider elements of a material (book, movie, etc.) that they found surprising, intriguing, or worrisome after engaging with it. This could lead to more conversation.

80. Situated Learning – 

Situated learning, which enables students to put theory into practise, places learning in a formal and real-world setting.


81. Sixty-second approach :

This technique is frequently used in response to a student presentation. In less than 60 seconds, the class completes three steps: respond, reflect, and review. Here is a fantastic video about the tactic. Instructional Strategies Examples

82. Snowball Discussions



in which students begin individually, pair up for a discussion, and then combine into a group of four for a follow-up discussion.

The four-person group joins forces with another group to form an eight-person group, which then exchanges notes, and so on. A debate involving the entire class follows this.

83. Spaced Repetition:

The instructor introduces material again after intervals of time with the goal of reinforcing it when the pupils would be at risk of forgetting it. Students may be more likely to store material in long-term memory if they must often re-engage with it. Instructional Strategies Examples

84. Spiral Learning (Spiral Curriculum)



For current sessions, the teacher refers back to earlier lessons, but she expands on the material by having the pupils provide more depth and information. This spiral method, where the instructor “returns” to earlier sessions, fosters learning continuity and helps students solidify prior information. Instructional Strategies Examples


85. Stimulus Materials and Props –


In order to enhance learning, the instructor employs materials and props, which might range from puppets to posters on the walls. Instructional Strategies Examples

86. Strategic Pauses –

In order to get the pupils to ponder, refocus their attention, or try a task in their own minds before continuing, the instructor strategically stops while speaking to the class at key points. Instructional Strategies Examples


87. Student-Led Curriculum –

A student-led curriculum is one that lets students guide their own learning rather than having it predetermined by teachers. In the ‘packed curriculum’ period, where there is so much to teach each day only to satisfy the standards of the core curriculum, it is becoming more and more challenging to accomplish this. Instructional Strategies Examples

88. Student-instructor Conference –

During individual work, the instructor stops to talk to each student one-on-one and provide them with tailored support. Instructional Strategies Examples


89. Summarising and paraphrasing –

To show understanding and knowledge, the instructor asks pupils to repeat back to them an explanation of the subject in their own words. Instructional Strategies Examples

90. Summative evaluation –

Instructional Strategies Examples
Instructional Strategies Examples

A learning scenario ends with a summative evaluation. It provides kids with a goal to work towards, fosters healthy competition, and enables teachers to gauge progress. High-stakes summative exams, however, may cause excessive student stress. Instructional Strategies Examples

91. SWOT analysis –

SWOT analysis is a good technique for encouraging pupils to reflect on their own behaviour. It nudges people to consider their assets and liabilities as well as any dangers and opportunities they might foresee. Instructional Strategies Examples


92. Teaching to Mastery –


The instructor keeps the attention on a single learning unit until the student has “mastered” it. This may be a benchmark like scoring 90% on an exam or completing a task successfully three times in a row.

93. Team Teaching –

Working with one or more other instructors is a part of team teaching. It can be beneficial for breaking up large classrooms into smaller, distinct groups, dividing responsibilities among teachers according to their areas of specialisation, and improving the amount of individualised help provided to each student in the class. Instructional Strategies Examples


94. Use a Pair Share –

Students ponder about a subject for one minute on their own, then compare notes with a partner for another minute. The students then present their ideas to the entire class.


95. Thumbs Up, Thumbs Down –


This simple technique allows teachers to quickly gauge if students comprehend the material and are prepared to go on to the next stage of the lesson by asking for a thumbs up or down from the class. Instructional Strategies Examples

96. Two-Minute Presentation –


At the conclusion of the class, the teacher gives the students the assignment of performing research and compiling their information into a two-minute presentation. Instructional Strategies Examples

97. Unconditional Positive Regard:


This technique entails the instructor letting the pupil know that they are always confident in them.

It is frequently used when a pupil has just failed and requires a teacher who believes in them and their capacity to do better every time. Instructional Strategies Examples


98. Visual Aids –

Posters, handouts, pictures, and graphs are some examples of visual aids that can support learning.

99. Whole Group Class Discussion (also known as Circle Time):

The class gathers for a discussion as a group. This enables pupils to hear explanations of issues from individuals other than the teacher as well as from the views of other students. Instructional Strategies Examples

100. Word Wall –

A word wall is just a wall of words that are essential to the subject being studied. This wall can serve as a motivator for students, encouraging them to consider important ideas or vocabulary just by looking at it.

Instructional Strategies Examples
Instructional Strategies Examples

101. Worked Examples –

Giving pupils worked examples will help them develop a clear vision of the goals they should be pursuing. Giving students samples of essays graded A+, B, and C-, for instance, enables them to compare and distinguish between good and terrible writing. Instructional Strategies Examples

102. Zone of Proximal Development:

Teachers consider what kids can accomplish on their own, what they can’t do, and what they can do with help. They then tailor the lectures to the students’ “proximal development” zone, where they are able to complete difficult tasks with help. The instructor wants to push the kids’ zone of proximal development over its present limits by having them practise those activities until they can do them on their own. Instructional Strategies Examples


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